American Sites of Slave Rebellion


There were some 250 slave rebellions in America. These are stories of how the extreme violence of White enslavers was challenged by enslaved Black men and women seeking the most basic of human desires — liberty and dignity.


While little is know about the overwhelming majority of the slave rebellions, it takes only a cursory examination of these revolts to see how they still echo through our times, reflecting social patterns and impacting economic structures.


In this project I am photographing the sites of rebellion. Through the selection I have made, my aim is to bring forward certain aspects the rebellions, or of the sites themselves, which I have found particularly insightful to a deeper awareness of the imprint of slavery on the American landscape and mindset.


The sites photographed are everyday places, commonplace America. Short texts about each rebellion accompany the photographs, giving them context, and causing a shift in how we look at the images. Further, the black and white, analog quality of the photographs broaden them beyond the time and place of their specificity.


Ibrahim Kendi’s Stamped from the Beginning brought out for me in full force the multi faceted place that slavery had in the emergence of modernity’s social-economic system. I previously approached this modernity in projects such as War Story and Notes from the Periphery, photographing places engendered by its extreme cruelty as a way of relating them to issues of memory and discourse. It was in reading Kendi I became interested in building from those projects to photograph sites of slave rebellion.



Sites photographed to date:

    York, Pennsylvania. Margaret Bradley Conspiracy, 1803. Photographed 2019.

    Astoria, Queens, NY. Newtown revolt, 1708. Photographed 2019.

    Route 17 south of Charleston, South Carolina. Stono Rebellion, 1736. Photographed 2020.

    St Inigoes, Maryland. Easter Rebellion, 1817. Photographed 2020.




    St. Simon's Island, Georgia. Igbo Landing Mass Suicide, 1803. (Projected for April 2021)






Bellhaven. 7 1/2 minutes. 2020

Last Year.  4 minutes. 2020




February 29, 2020: Bellport Village (L.I.) street renaming action. Four streets bear the names of prominent early Bellport slave-owning families. In this one day action I am renaming those streets: the new names are of those people they owned as slaves.





                                                   Selected works available on